Country: England

Georgian transcript: ინგლისი

Capital: London (ლონდონი)

Continent: Europe

Official languages: English; Cornish

Religion: Christianity (Church of England)

Patron saint: Saint George

Motto: Dieu et mon droit („ღმერთი და ჩემი უფლება“)

Status: Country

Government: Part of a constitutional monarchy

Population: 56 223 400 (2021)

Demonym: English

Currency: Pound sterling (GBP) (გირვანქა სტერლინგი)

Drives on the left

Time zone: Greenwich Mean Time; British Summer Time (UTC +1:00)

Calling code: +44

Internet TLD: .uk

Website: Government of the UK

Neighbouring countries: Scotland, Wales


England on the UK map


England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest.


Stonehenge at sunrise
Stonehenge at sunrise. Credit: Freesally


England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands.


Whitby, 199 Steps
199 Steps of Whitby, North Yorkshire. Credit: Tim Hill


Treble clef heart

England has no official national anthem of its own; 'God Save the Queen' is treated as the English national anthem when England is represented at sporting events (though there are some exceptions to this rule, such as cricket when 'Jerusalem' is used; also, 'Land of Hope and Glory' is used as the national anthem of England in the Commonwealth Games and some other sporting events. The song was used by the English rugby league team for the national anthem until 2005). There is a movement to establish an English national anthem, with Blake and Parry's 'Jerusalem' and Elgar's 'Land of Hope and Glory' among the top contenders.


Warwick Castle
Warwick Castle. Credit: Kdsphotos